Legal Docket

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Juvenile Life Without Parole (JLWOP)
Washington Supreme Court •

We argued that research in adolescent development and neuroscience confirm that life without parole sentences categorically are unconstitutional when applied to children.

Juvenile Life Without Parole (JLWOP)
Connecticut Supreme Court •

We argued that parole availability does not remedy a sentencing court's failure to give mitigating effect to the youth-related factors set forth in Miller.

Juvenile Life Without Parole (JLWOP)
Maryland Court of Appeals •

We argued that Maryland's parole system is an unconstitutional ad hoc executive clemency system which fails to provide a "meaningful opportunity to obtain release" to youth sentenced to life or life equivalent terms.

Access to Counsel
Ohio Supreme Court •

We argued that juvenile adjudications are insufficient "to alone sustain proof beyond a reasonable doubt of an element of [an adult felony]" because it contradicts the rehabilitative purpose of Ohio's juvenile justice system.

Juvenile Life Without Parole (JLWOP)
U.S. Supreme Court •

We argued that Louisiana’s routine imposition of juvenile life without parole demonstrates the need for a categorical bar on the sentence which disproportionally punishes African-American youth.

Youth Tried as Adults
Washington Supreme Court •

We argued that a juvenile's right to due process is violated when he is automatically transferred to the adult system contrary to U.S. and Washington Supreme Court precedent articulating that youth cannot be mandatorily treated as adults.

Juvenile Life Without Parole (JLWOP)
U.S. Supreme Court •

We argued that Miller and Montgomery establish a presumption against life without parole, which requires a determination that a juvenile has no potential for rehabilitation prior to imposing a life without parole sentence.

Juvenile Sex Offender Registry (SORNA)
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania •

The State appealed the trial court’s decision that lifetime registration of an adult for a crime committed as a juvenile is unconstitutional. We argued that the appeal is moot in light of Commonwealth v. Muniz, where the Pennsylvania Supreme Court held retroactive registration under SORNA unconstitutional.

Juvenile Life Without Parole (JLWOP)
Iowa Supreme Court •

We argued that imposing felony murder liability on an unarmed 16-year-old decoy for the actions of an armed co-defendant in a robbery gone bad contravenes U.S. Supreme Court jurisprudence and adolescent neuroscientific research.

Juvenile Life Without Parole (JLWOP)
Washington Supreme Court •

We argued that Washington’s statute permitting Miller-defendants to petition a sentencing review board for early release fails to meaningfully remedy an unconstitutional 75-year sentence imposed on a 17-year-old.